To prevent the spread of the Zika virus, the Chinese General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine has announced a new mandate for cargo originating in the United States.
The Chinese government agency stated, "With immediate effect, it means that there is a need to provide a certificate of extermination of mosquito. If no certificate is provided, the buyer must fumigate the cargo at arrival at port of destination."
Additional information has became available this week. Below are a some elements outlined by the U.S. Government (as published by the Journal of Commerce):
- If an entire vessel was fumigated before or after being loaded, each container would not need to be fumigated.
- Commodities kept at 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit) or below are exempt from the Zika requirements.
- Disinsection does not require fumigation. Disinsection can be carried out by physical or chemical means.
- For physical, this could include trapping, air curtains, or other integrated pest management techniques.
- For chemical, this could include surface spraying, space spraying, or fumigation. It is the shipper's choice, but should take into account human health and safety.
- No official government stamp is needed on a mosquito eradication certificate issued prior to departure. Containers covered by such a certificate do not need to be fumigated.
- Cargo that left the U.S. before the program was implemented (August 5) is exempt from fumigation.
China first announced the Zika Virus requirements in March, however, the U.S. was not on the list of applicable countries at that time. Earlier this year, Chinese government agencies stated that vehicles and containers arriving from affected countries will be subject to anti-mosquito treatment if disinfestation certifications are not provided by the shipper. Port authorities could require containers to be subject to quarantine and undergo anti-mosquito treatments, potentially resulting in additional costs and delays.
See the original (translated) release here.
Below is a list of the affected countries:
American (32): Aruba, Bonaire, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curacao, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Sint Maarten, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, United States, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago
Oceania (6): American Samoa, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Marshall Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu
Asia (2): Maldives, Thailand
Africa (1): Cape Verde
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